Scientific name: Amaranthus tricolor, A.dubius, A. tristis
Common Names: Chhoti chulai -Hindi, Danttu -Kannada
Variety: Red choulai jewel and green choulai jewel
Soil and climatic requirement:
Soil: It can grow in all type of soil, but loam soil are best for cultivation. Ideal Ph is 6-7 range.
Climate: Require 18-25 degree C for germination and for optimum growth required 25 degree temperature.
Crop Duration: 35-30 days as vegetable, 90 days for seed purpose.
Planting season: Dec-Jan and April-may
Planting type:Direct sowing mix with sand while sowing.
Spacing: Row to row 30 Cm. Thinning the seedling by leaving 12 cm
Depth of sowing: 0.5 -1 Cm
Germination period: 5-10 days
Hours of sunlight required: 8 Hrs
Irrigation: The first irrigation is given immediately after sowing. Avoid rapid water flow to prevent washing off of seeds. Subsequent irrigations may be given at frequent intervals except rainy days.
Companion crops:Corn, onion, eggplant and pepper.