Capsicum Imp is a varitey of Bell pepper. in different regions capsicum called in differernt names Tamil:Kudamilagai, Malayalam: Kuda mulagu, Telugu: Capsicum, Kannada: Donne menasinakaayi, Hindi: Simla Mirch. Capsicum used for culinary purpose. Capsicum used for cooking and as salad.
To cultivate capsicum Sandy loam , Clay loam and loam soils are best suited for cultivation, Soil should be well drained and well areated.
Bell pepper cultivate in warm and humid climate and a temperature of 20 C to 25 C. need low moisture in soil during blossom development and fruit formation stage otherwise it causes the bud, de-blossom and fruit drops.
Crop duration of capsicum is 120 to 150 days and In controlled condition 210-300 days.
leave 60cm spacing between Plant to plant to avoid spreading disease and allow proper aeration and sunlight.
It require 2 months to germinate. Cover the pan/pot with a polythene to preserve the humidity. Make sure capsicum bed should be in a bright place away from direct sunlight.
Canopy management of Capsicum by tipping (Pinching) the chilli plant. It will try to grow upright by throwing out a number of side stems. This increase the number of fruits.
Companion plants for Capsicum are carrot , Onion And Tomato
Treat seeds with Salt it helps to faster germination.