Guide to Growing Tomatoes - How to grow tomatoes

Guide to Growing Tomatoes - How to grow tomatoes

Tomato

Botanical name:Solanum Lycopersicum

Family:Solanaceae

Tomatoes are called in different names in different places, In Kannada-Tomato Hannu, in Hindi- Tamatar, Tamil-Takkali, Telugu Tametokai / Ramamulaga (Pandu/Kaya)

Plant description: 

Tomato plants are dicots, they produce series of branching stems with a terminal bud at the tip where the actual growth happens. If the tips are pruned lateral buds take over and grow into other fully functional branch. Tomato plants covered with fine short hair turning to root whenever plant in contact with ground and moisture especially when roots are damaged. It is an  annual vegetable.

Varieties chosen based on growth habit. There are two types of tomato plant based on growth habit.

  1. Determinate Type: It is also called as bush type tomatoes, Determinate types sets fruits over about a two-three week period and then stops producing. It grows upto 3 ft tall, and the main stem and side stem produces about three flowers clusters each.

  2. Indeterminate Type: These are sprawling vines that grow 6 to 20 ft long, at every second leaf it produces 3 flower clusters, they keep growing and producing unless stopped by pest and diseases, lack of nutrient or frost. Pruning is a necessary practice to maintain plant height.


Determinate type tomatoIndeterminate type plant

             Determinate type Tomato plant                              Indeterminate type Tomato plant 

Tomato varieties: There are about 7000 tomato varieties in the world that are grown for different purposes. Garden guru has 19 different varieties which is suitable for vegetable gardening.

different type of tomaotes

Our collection are  suitable for both container gardening and also for raised beds on ground.

For planting in an container outdoors - Determinate, small varieties work best.

Soil and Climatic requirement: Tomato crop tolerates acidic soil, It prefers well drained, fertile soil and also rich in organic matter. Clay loam produce high yields. And tomato plant requires 6-6.8 pH for better uptake of nutrient.

  • Fruiting plants require minimum 8 hrs of direct sunlight for better yield. Select site with full sun, for northern region it is very important it receive at least 6 hr sunlight for southern region light afternoon shade will help tomatoes thrive well.

  • Ideal temperature for germination 22 to 35 deg C( 75-95 F )in cooler temperature germination is very slow.

Planting and its care:

Right season for planting: Tomatoes can be sows all round the year. For rainy season crop, June -July is right time for sowing, As a winter crop  Oct-Nov and for summer crop Jan-Feb.

Planting using seeds:

  • Sow the seeds in beds about 0.5-1.25 cm depth

  • Seeds will germinate within 5-6 days after sowing if soil temperature is poor it will take 12 days to germination.

  • Transplant to the main bed or container after 20-25 days after sowing.

  • While planting tomato seedlings maintain plant spacing for better establishment of tomato crop. Row to row spacing 90 cm and plant to plant 45 cm.

   How to do Watering: Generously water the plants  for the first few days, water well throughout the season, mulching can be done after 5 weeks to retain soil moisture during summer season.

   When to apply Fertilizer: Apply nutrient two week prior to first picking. For better crop establishment use garden guru Tomato special mix nutrient.

    Common diseases: Bacterial diseases like Canker, Speak and spot are common in tomato crop, Damping off is  epidemic disease in tomato this need proper care before planting, and viral diseases like Tomato mosaic virus, Tomato spotted wilt virus  and Tomato leaf curl virus are major pest and disease of tomato.

     Common pests: Leaf miner, Fruit borer, leaf eating caterpillar.

    “TO FREE FROM PEST AND DISEASE DO CROP ROTATION WITH OTHER CROPS”

     When to Harvest: Fruit will slightly change its colour to red from bottom. Those fruits are ready for harvest. Ripen fruits are soft when compared to other fruits.

     Companion crop: Lettuce, Basil, Pepper, Carrot, onion, garlic are companion crop for tomato.

      

Do’s and Don’ts in Tomato cultivation     

Do’s

Don’ts

Pinch the initial flowers to get more yield in long term,  it encourage vegetative growth with more branches , each branch bear three flowers.

Purchase plant more than 25 day after sowing. If purchase plant with flowers that plant will not get acclimatized to your pots or beds.

Add a bit of epsom salt.It is a Magnesium sulphate. Magnesium is power house of photosynthesis in plant, Chlorophyll capture sunlight only in presence of Magnesium. It is required to give leaves their green colour.

Apply more fertilizer. It leads to more vegetative growth than reproductive. You get only foliages not flowers and fruits.

Mulch the plant if watering from above, these help to prevent soil splash. As well as holds water for plant.

Water from above if you want to help the plant. Try to use hoes to prevent soil splash to stems and other part of plant it prone to diseases.

Transplant seedling to very deep till it cover neck. It help to grow great root system. Better the root more the productive.

Sow the seeds when soil temp is 10 degree Celsius may surface soil feel warm but 6 inches down the soil still quite cold. Seeds won’t germinate. Or plant won’t survive.  

Stake in the beginning of the plant to avoid root damage later.   

    

    

Save

Save

Save

Save

Posted on 09/23/2016 Home, Tomatoes 2281

Related articles

How to sow seeds using Jiffy plugs

Learn How to sow seeds using Jiffy Plugs. Step by step with tips that will help you start healthy seedlings.

Blog archives

Blog categories

Latest Comments

No comments

Blog search

QR code

Recently Viewed

No products
Top
Compare 0