Botanical name Cymbopogon citronella
Plant description: Lemongrass is a tall, perennial aromatic plant with thin and long leaves from a short rhizome. The stem is stout, erect grow up to 1.8 meter high. Leaves are long, glaucous, green, linear tapering upwards and along the margins; sheaths terete, those of the barren shoots widened and tightly clasping at the base, others narrow and separating.It is a short day plant. The inflorescence is a long spike about one meter in length. Flowers borne on decompound spatheate; panicles 30-60 cm long.
Climate and soil requirement for lemon grass cultivation:
Sunshine hours: Required full sun minimum 8 hrs sunlight.
Climate: Required warm humid climate for better establishment of crop and grow well in less rainfall area.
Soil: Lemongrass thrive well in all type of soil like rich loamy to poor laterite soil, sandy loam and red soil with well draining are best for lemongrass cultivation.
Propagation: Lemongrass successfully propagated through seeds. And transplant 20-30 days old plant to main field.
Plant spacing: Leave 60 cm spacing between the plant and 80 cm between the rows if planting done on the ground.
Irrigation: After sowing watering has to be done every alternative days for about 4 weeks, subsequent watering is done at every week intervals based on soil moisture.
Harvesting: Lemongrass reach harvesting stage 3 months after planting, cut the grass by 10 cm above the ground level to get ratoon crop, in first year 30 cutting, subsequent year 5-6 cuttings after 45-60 day of previous harvest.