Brussels sprouts scientifically called as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Brussel sprouts grow in well drained soil with rich organic matter and thrives well in sandy-loam to clay-loam with a pH of 7.5 to 8.0. Required temperatures during growing season range from –1 to 32 °C.
Scientific name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Family: Brassicaceae / Cruciferae
Brussels sprouts grown for its edible small leafy green buds. Which resembles miniature cabbages. The plant is a Biennial but grown as an annual and it reach 2-3 ft. height and it spread 1.2-2 ft.
Plant has long, smooth and leathery leaf are green to purple in colour and arranged alternately on the stem. Sprouts form at the base of each leaf, in a long, spiral stem.
Edible portion of the plant is buds which is a small cabbage like head. It is green/blue in colour.
Soil and climatic requirement:
Soil should be well drained with plenty of organic matter. soils that range from sandy-loam to clay-loam, ideal pH of 7.5 to 8.0. Brussel sprouts is cool season crop. Temperatures during the growing season range from –1 to 32 °C.
Brussels sprouts have a high nitrogen requirement.
Due to reduce the activity of microbes in winter and summer season organic matter should be added to the soil throughout the year to ensure an adequate supply of nutrient when sprouts are planted.
Crop Duration:180 days
Planting season: Planting of Brussels sprouts can begin as early as August, and is usually completed by late November.
Planting type: Transplanting
Spacing: Row - Row 90 cm and plant to plant 45 cm.
Depth of sowing:1.25 cm
Germination period: 7-14 days
Hours of sunlight required: At Least 6-8 hrs
Irrigation: Irrigation continues at weekly intervals in sandy soil, or two to three-week intervals in heavier soil.
Companion crops: Beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, Swiss chard.
Harvesting: Brussels sprouts are ready for harvest 90 day after planting when the heads are firm and green when diameter reaches 1-2 inches. Mature sprouts are up words and old sprouts located at the bottom, as sprouts are removed, it can be beneficial to remove the leaves which are beginning to yellow.