Scientific name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Family: Brassicaceae/ Cruciferae
Common Names: Ele Kosu-Kannada
Soil and climatic requirement: Soil: It can grow wide range of soils from sandy loam to clay. It require pH ranging from 5.5 - 6.5 for higher production. It thrives well if soil have good drainage and rich in organic matter. Climate: optimum temperature for germination 12.5 to 15 degree C. well hardened temperature can tolerate frost condition, in hot dry atmosphere head quality become poor.
Crop Duration: Early maturity -60-70 days, Mid season- 80-90 days and Late varieties 90-120 days
Planting type:Transplant seedling at 4-5 true leaf stage.
Spacing: Row-Row 45 Cm and Plant -Plant 30Cm
Depth of sowing:1-2 cm
Germination period: 3-4 days
Hours of sunlight required: At Least 6-8 Hrs
Irrigation: First irrigation is given soon after transplanting of seedlings and thereafter irrigation may be applied at 10-15 days intervals. optimum soil moisture should be maintained by frequent irrigation during critical period of head formation and development. Uneven moisture supply during this period may result into splitting or bursting of head adversely affecting the quality of produce.
Companion crops: Onion, coriander, marigold, rosemary, tomato and mint.
Seed treatment: Hot water treatment for about 30 minutes.