Chilli /Hot Pepper
Scientific name:( Botanical name: Capcicum Annum .)
Common Names: Tamil: Mirchi (Hindi) Pachchii milagai (tamil) patchi mirapa/pachchi mirapakayalu(telugu) Hasirumenasina kai(Kannada)
Soil and climatic requirement:Soil: Well drained sandy loam soil is best for cultiuvation. it grow well in warm and humid climate and a temerature of 20-25 degree and low moisture in soil during blossum development and fruit formation cause the bud deblossom and fruit drop.
Crop Duration:Improved varieties 160 days. Hybrid varieties 100 days
Planting season: Oct -Nov, Jan- Feb, May -June
Spacing: Plant - Plant 45 cm and Row - Row 75 Cm
Depth of sowing: 0.5 Cm
Germination period: 1 Week to 2 months.
Hours of sunlight required:Minimum 8 Hrs Sun light Required
Irrigation: In early stage 3-4 days interval watering is needed later stages weekly intervals irrigate the plant. Flowering and fruit setting stages are having critical irrigation point.
Canopy management: By tipping your plant onto its side once it is a substantial size. The chilli plant will try to grow upright by throwing out a number of sidestems. This increase the number of fruits.
Companion crops:Carrot , Onion And Tomato
Seed treatment: Soak chilli seeds overnight in warm water this will increase germination rate.