Scientific name: Beta vulgaris subs. cicla
Soil and climatic requirement: Soil:Require well drained soil. Prefer loose, deep, fertile soil, high in organic matter with ph 6-7.0need consistant moisture.
Crop Duration: Biennial grown as a annual
Planting type:Direct sowing
Spacing: Row to Row 50cm And plant to plant 15cm
Depth of sowing:1.25cm to 2.5cm
Germination period: 5-7 days.
Hours of sunlight required: Prefer full sun early in the season and Partial shade in summer.
Irrigation: During summer water at least once in a week and once every two weeks during cold season.
Canopy management: Like beets, chard “seeds” produce more than one plant, and so will require thinning. Thin to 6- to 12-inch spacings. As plants age, older leaves get tough. Cut plants back to about 3 to 5 inches tall to encourage a flush of new, tender growth.
Companion crops: Beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, onions.
Seed treatment: Soak seeds overnight in water to ensure strong gemination.