Growing guide for Swiss chard
Botanical name of Swiss chard: Beta Vulgaris var. Cicla,
Plant description: Swiss chard is grown for its edible leaves and its stalk, It have erect growing habit with basal rosette of leaves with long fleshy petioles which can be red, yellow, green in colour. Leaves are large, wrinkled with Prominent leave veins and pronounced midrib.
Soil and climatic requirement: Chard grow best in moist, well drained, fertile and organically rich soil, soil should be light to sandy. And pH between 6.0-7.0 Plants should be positioned in full sun or partial shade.
Chard can tolerate mild frost but prolonged frost leads to bolting in some varieties.
Sunlight requirement: Partial shade is good for cultivation of Swiss chard.
Depth of sowing: sow seeds 13 mm or 1.3 cm depth.
Plating type: sow the seeds directly on growing beds, during month of Oct –Nov.
Spacing: leave a Row spacing 30-40 Cm and between plant 2.5cm (1 inch)
Plant care: Keep developing plats free from competition by regular weeding, hoeing and watering to ensure speedier harvest.
Pest and diseases:
Pests: Aphids, Fleas and other sucking pest.
Diseases: Cercospora leaf spot, Damping off, Curly top.
Harvest: Chard harvest best with sharp knife, cut off all leaves within 2 inches from ground sure the growing point is not damaged. After cutting new leaves come quickly. Successive crop ripen every 10-12 weeks.
Companion plants: Beans, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, Cauliflower, Chines cabbage, Kale, Kohlrabi, onions.